What Are Free Radicals?
Free radicals are organic molecules responsible for aging, tissue damage, and possibly some diseases. These molecules are very unstable, therefore they look to bond with other molecules, destroying their vigor and perpetuating the detrimental process.
Some processes brought about by free radicals are inevitable, such as aging, but others can be prevented, like environmental pollution, cigarette smoking, and poisons like cleaners or herbicides.
A Miracle Solution?
Antidotes to the voracious electron appetite of free radicals are antioxidants. An antioxidant is a molecule stable enough to donate an electron to a rampaging free radical and neutralize it, thus reducing its capacity to damage. Antioxidants are found in fresh foods like vegetables and fruits, particularly in vitamins found in these foods, including A, E, and beta-carotene. It's better to get antioxidants from a balanced diet, rather than vitamin supplements, because the body can more easily absorb them.
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The Top 10 High-Antioxidant Foods
Which foods are the real antioxidant bombs? Norwegian and American scientists compiled an extensive list.
In terms of the highest antioxidant content per serving, the winners were:
5,75 millimoles per 100g serving
2,87 millimoles per 100g serving
3,72 millimoles per 100g serving
2,68 millimoles per 100g serving
3,58 millimoles per 100g serving
8. Cloves, ground
2,64 millimoles per 100g serving
4. Artichokes, cooked
3,56 millimoles per 100g serving
9. Grape juice
2,56 millimoles per 100g serving
3,13 millimoles per 100g serving
10. Cranberry juice
2,47 millimoles per 100g serving
Did You Know?
Most aphrodisiac foods are rich in antioxidants as well!
Please have a look at our Sex & The Skin e Book to get a list of the best natural aphrodisiac & antioxidant foods.
Recently published Sex and the Skin, is a free eBook explaining the connection between skin health and how well-being can prolong sexual health during the years.
This research is made possible by Tatchme®, an Italian brand of natural anti-aging face and body creams.
Please visit our website: www.tatchme.com
Collagen is one of the most important components in the skin. It forms deep in the skin and is the primary protein the creates skin structure. Your skin's appearance depends largely on the amount of collagen and the condition of collagen in the skin. Unfortunately, the amount of collagen produced in the skin decreases as a person gets older.
Keeping (and Replacing) Collagen is the Goal of Almost Every Anti-Aging Product
The primary cell type of the dermis, fibroblasts constitute the layer of the skin below the epidermis (outer layer). These cells generate three main structural components: collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid. What we may simply describe as skin "aging" is more specifically this gradual process of thinning as the dermis loses collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid.
Collagen, the main component of the dermis, gives it durability. There are actually eighteen types of collagen, eleven of which are present in the dermis.
Elastin gives skin resilience and bounce. Damage to elastin fibers, from sun exposure, age, or disease, leads to a loss of elasticity and, consequently, wrinkles.
Hyaluronic Acid holds water and gives skin volume. In young skin, it is present around and between collagen and elastin cells. As skin ages, though, hyaluronic acid does not play that connective role – which explains the popularity of anti-aging treatments that inject it into the dermis.
A comprehensive study done at the University of Michigan (2008) indicates that rebuilding collagen through skin treatments aids in anti-aging. This report stresses how collagen-making cells termed fibroblasts are a crucial supporting substance to get younger appearing and more supple skin and that treatments with natural collagen-enhancers facilitated to decrease the appearance of wrinkling because of the stimulation of new collagen creation.
The research concluded that anti-aging collagen enhancing treatments show that they are effective in anti-aging efforts and collagen reduction, which usually starts when people are in their mid-twenties.
Skin Care Myth
There is no way to replace collagen, elastin, or hyaluronic acid with topical treatments. Although you can't replenish collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid topically, certain topical products can help stimulate dermal activity. Vitamin C (in the form of ascorbic acid) has been shown to increase collagen production.
Tatchme® boosts Collagen with Hematite from Portofino
A revolutionary anti-aging skincare line, TATCHME® combines the vital natural ingredient of hematite with the benefits of aromatherapy. Take a look at our products line
Rich in iron, hematite from Portofino is an essential oligo-element that plays a major role in cell respiration, which promotes an all-day youthful glow.
When applied regularly, scientific studies found that hematite's stimulating action on collagen synthesis fills the wrinkles in-depth, producing a noticeable plumping-up effect on the skin.
"Every women's dream is to have more collagen in their skin" said TATCHME®'s spokesperson Mariel Hemingway
Prevention is Key
The harsh truth is that once wrinkles and fine lines exist, they are hard to minimize.
Sun exposure is the quickest way to degrade the dermis and break down collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid. Always wear at least SPF 15 and don't neglect your neck, chest, or hands.
Smoking has been shown to stimulate the breakdown of collagen, while decreasing collagen production by up to 40%. (Another good reason to quit!)
Nutrition is crucial to protecting your body inside and out. Be sure to eat lots of fruits and veggies, while drinking green tea.
What is it?
Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring chemical created by the body that provides cushioning for joints and connective tissues. It is an effective antioxidant and has an incredible ability to bind moisture to tissue.
Hyaluronic acid is present in every tissue of the body, and it performs many important functions. It helps deliver nutrients to and carry toxins from cells that do not have a blood supply, such as those found in cartilage.
Babies skin in full of hyaluronic acid which explains why a baby has such soft and moist skin. As we age the amount of hyaluronic acid in our skin diminishes; we simply produce less of it. With age the level of Hyaluronic acid decreases in the body; that results in wrinkles.
|Skin with high hyaluronic acid content
||Skin with low hyaluronic acid content
|The skin remains hydrated and the surface is supple when the skin contains adequate concentrations of hyaluronic acid.
|| The skin loses its elasticity and the surface becomes dry, because moisture is lost as hyaluronic acid concentrations decrease.
Beneficial for the Skin
Hyaluronic acid is gaining popularity in the cosmetic and medical industries. Clinical studies have shown that it also helps wounds heal more quickly, and can reduce the appearance of both old and new scars.
Injectible hyaluronic acid fillers, such as Restylane, are being to lessen the appearance of lines, sagging and depressions in the skin caused by acne scars or injury. Hyaluronic acid eventually breaks down and is absorbed in the body, so both cosmetic and medical applications are not permanent. In most cases, the hyaluronic acid augmentation usually lasts between 6-9 months. Repeat treatments will be necessary.
A Skin Care Ingredient
Cosmetic products containing hyaluronic acid claim to hydrate the skin, allowing it to appear smoother and more radiant.
Hyaluronic acid is a humectant skincare ingredient which means it draws water to the skin and increases the water content of the epidermis (or outer most layer of the skin). If you are in a humid environment, picture yourself on a tropical island, than a humectant like hyaluronic acid can actually draw water from the atmosphere around you to your skin.
The great thing about hyaluronic acid is that it holds 1,000 times its weight in water. Think of it as a super sponge!
Hyaluronic acid is extremely expensive; it is more than a 1,000 times expensive as glycerin for example, so most topical skincare products don’t contain enough of it in order to be effective over the long-term.
Injections and supplements
Hyaluronic acid is available by injection, but you can also find many oral supplements at health food stores, pharmacies, and online distributorships.
Studies show improvement in for most participants after only 2 to 4 months of oral supplementation, and some patients are able to decrease their dose after the desired results are achieved.
No Serious Side Effects
There have been no serious side effects associated with Hyaluronic acid, although some people find that their skin is irritated at the injection site, and there have been rare reports of oral supplements causing rashes and skin irritation as well.
Use of hyaluronic acid during pregnancy has not been evaluated so far.
Don’t forget – applying hyaluronic acid topically will not replace what your skin has lost as it ages. When applied topically hyaluronic acid simply acts as a great moisturizing agent – nothing more.
It does NOT replace your daily anti-aging skin care regimen. For best result use hyaluronic acid with Tatchme powerful natural anti-wrinkles night cream Energy.
Your Diet: Look for Soy and Starchy Root Foods
Animal products are considered to be the best natural sources of hyaluronic acid.
Soy is a great vegetable option, because of its tendency to increase levels of estrogen in the body--which in turn increases levels of hyaluronic acid. Soy beans in their original baby form are edamame. Tofu, or soy bean curd, is the most versatile soy food. Soy milk, soy ice cream or soy yogurt are a few other options.
A recent study into the benefits of hyaluronic acid focused on the residents of Yazuri Hara, a small village in Japan. Living into their 80s and 90s in very good health, they were smooth skinned and almost wrinkle free. The studied revealed that the starchy root vegetables in their diet enabled their bodies to maintain a high production of hyaluronic acid.
Although there are no known fuirts nor vegetables containing hyaluronic acid nor specific foods that contain hyaluronic acid, some starchy root vegetables, including Satsumaimo (a type of sweet potato), Konyaku (a type of gletanious root), Satoima (a type of sticky potato), have a greater impact on stimulating the body’s natural production of hyaluronic acid.
Research into healthy and slowing aging is now one of the hottest fields in biology.
Last year, geneticists discover a way to extend lifespan of organisms so that humans could conceivably live to be 800 years old! In an amazing development, scientists at the University of Southern California have announced that they've extended the lifespan of yeast bacteria tenfold — and the recipe they used to do it might easily translate into humans. Of course, aging isn't the same in humans and yeast, but it is a pretty significant result.
Scientists dispose of a vast amount of information about the genes and the proteins that influence how long we live. However, the whole scientific debate about aging is uncertainty about its fundamental causes. The original theory that aging was a genetically programmed event has been largely disregarded. If there were an aging gene, we would have seen immortal individuals… but this is not the case.
A new major theory, called “disposable soma”, does not implicate genes but focuses on the idea that cell maintenance is costly and holds that ageing is the lifelong accumulation of random molecular damage.
According to this theory, every living organism must budget its energy among various priorities, including metabolism, growth, activity, and reproduction. Failure to do a perfect job in these maintenance functions leads to an accumulation of damage over the lifetime of the organism.
Of course genes play a big role in determining a lifespan, because they control the efficiency of our cellular repair process. The most important damage can be caused by oxidation, which generates “free radicals”, molecules produced by the body that destroy healthy cells.
Scientists seem to have found guardians of the cells that protect them from free radicals. There is an increasingly popular notion that the sirtuins, a class of enzymes, are universal regulators of aging in virtually all living organisms. They represent a prime target for new anti-aging drugs.
These guardians, or sirtuins, are activated by resveratrol, a plant chemical found in grapes, red wine, peanuts, blueberries, pomegranates, dark chocolate and cocoa powder.
Resveratrol is the ingredient in red wine that made headlines in November 2006 when scientists demonstrated1 that it kept overfed mice from gaining weight, turned them into the equivalent of marathoners, and seemed to slow down their aging process.
With its highest concentration in the grape skin, resveratrol, works as an antioxidant polyphenols, counter oxidative damage to human cells and tissues caused by free radicals. Recent studies2 have demonstrated that resveratrol activates a “longevity gene” in yeast that extends life span by 70%. The effects mimic those of calorie restriction, the only proven way of extending maximum life span. Resveratrol activates one of the same “sirtuin (SIR)” genes as calorie restriction.
Another natural substance that has been hailed as a potential elixir of life is an enzyme called telomerase. When telomerase is dormant, as it is in most normal adult cells, cells eventually become unstable and die. But when telomerase is active, cells continue living and dividing. This is why scientists believe that preserving telomerase under controlled conditions could possibly lead to new anti-aging therapies. The telomerase activity in the blood can be increased by a healthier lifestyle – taking more exercise, eating more fruit and vegetables and less animal fat. A pilot study3 has revealed for the first time that comprehensive lifestyle changes increase the levels of this enzyme by 30 percent.
Humanity has dreamed for millennia about medicines that extend lifespan. The stated goal of today biotech startup companies4 is to develop medicines that have the same health-boosting effects in people that resveratrol and telomerase had shown in clinical studies.
These companies’ very existence shows that the quest for compounds that slow aging has came from sorcery to the routine process of pharmaceutical development.
This research is made possible by Tatchme, an Italian brand of natural anti-aging face and body creams. Please visit our website: www.tatchme.com
1 Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet, Nature 444, 16 November 2006
2 Dr. David A. Sinclair of the Harvard Medical School and Dr. Konrad T. Howitz of Biomol Research Laboratories, August 2003
3 Increased telomerase activity and comprehensive lifestyle changes: a pilot study, The Lancet Oncology Online September 16, 2008
4 such as Sirtris and Geron.
Throughout the animal world, attractiveness certifies biological quality. Is our corner of the animal world different?
That looks play a very significant part in human affairs is beyond dispute. Studies have shown that people considered attractive fare better with parents and teachers, make more friends and have better sex with more (and more beautiful) partners.
Beautiful people are not just pleasing on the eye: it seems they are also wealthier, more successful and much easier to get on with. Good-looking, slim, tall people tend to make more money than their plain-Jane counterparts, according to numerous studies. This "beauty premium" exists across all occupations, and jobs requiring more interpersonal contact have higher percentages of above-average-looking employees.
The ideals of beauty might vary from era to era and from culture to culture; but people everywhere –regardless of race, class or age – share a sense of what is attractive.
Some attributes of attraction of course vary: rolls of fat can signal high status in a poor society or low status in a rich one. But local fashions seem to rest on a bedrock of shared preferences – Western movies and magazines have overrun the world.
Even children spend more time gazing at pictures of “attractive” faces than at “unattractive” ones… and these kids don’t read Vogue or watch TV.
So what is beauty made of? What are the innate rules we follow?
We are obviously attracted to healthy people. As far as anyone knows, there isn’t a village on earth where skin lesions, head lice and rotting teeth count as beauty aids.
But the rules can get subtler that that. For instance, we love symmetry – the extent to which a creature’s right and left sides match. Given ideal growing conditions, paired features such as ears, eyes, hand and feet would come out matching perfectly. But pollution, disease and other hazards can disrupt development. As a result, the least resilient individuals tend to be the most lopsided.
Defining a universal standard of body beauty seems difficult. But if our ideals of size change from one time and place to the next, our taste in shapes is amazingly stable.
A low waist-hip ratio is one of the few features that a Barbie doll shares with a primitive icon. Small wonder that when women were liberated from corsets and bustles, they took up girdles, wide belts and other waist-reducing contraptions.
We are preprogramed to care about looks, even though looks aren’t earned and reveal nothing about character. We wear our imperfections as thorns, for we know the world sees them and takes notes.
Sexual stereotypes are not strictly artificial.
At some level, it seems, women are designed to favor dominant males over meek ones, and men are designed to value women for youthful qualities that time quickly steals. This male preference for younger women seems to be universal across cultures.
Studies show that there is actually a biological reason for this preference of youthful women -- it boosts the evolutionary success. Both men and women have more children when the father is a few years older than the mother, according to research suggesting that natural selection has driven each gender’s age preferences in mutually compatible ways.
Of course, human beings cannot be reduced to DNA packets and no one claims that people are mindless automatons, blindly striving to replicate their genes.
We pursue countless passions that have no direct bearing on survival. The beauty mavens’ mission is not to explain everything people do but to unmask our biases and make sense of them.
Our minds have evolved to generate pleasurable experiences in response to some things while ignoring others. That’s why sugar tastes sweet, and that’s why we find some people more attractive than others.
The Sex and the Skin eBook explains the connection between skin health and how well-being can prolong sexual health during the years. A fascinating topic not too many people talk about.
"Sex and the Skin" is a free eBook. Simply click the link to download your copy.
Youth usually wins but nobody has dared tell Jeannie Longo yet, the French woman famed for her competitive streak…
Considered the greatest women's road cyclist of all time, Jeannie Longo has clocked up a stunning 57th national title in the French championships, winning the time trial for the third consecutive year. Her victory came 31 years after she took her first blue, white and red jersey on the road back in 1979. It brings her total of national titles to a staggering 57… on road and track (she's got 13 world titles too and an Olympic Gold)
Now 51 years of age, the legendary competitor shows little signs of slowing down, and will doubtlessly be aiming for number 60 in the years to come.
"I'm from the mountains and follow a biological diet," she says by way of explanation for her longevity.
Jeannie Longo has been a sports enthusiast since her childhood, encouraged by her mother, a school and gym teacher, and her father, who also taught his three daughters to box and wrestle.
Cycling does seem to be a sport where with the right training, and attitude plus a good set of genes the best can sometimes stay at or near the top longer than might be expected. Lance Armstrong will still be a contender at this year's Tour just over a year short of his 40th birthday. The 49 year-old Malcolm Elliot won a round of this year's Halford's Tour Series and played a pivotal role in his Motorpoint Marshalls Pasta team's charge to overall victory in the series…
Keen on cycling now??
This year Tatchme® successfully launched the Breeze, its first natural anti-wrinkles skin care product line, after investing two years of rigorous research into the benefits of hematite mineral.
Harvested in Portofino, Italy, hematite’s stimulating action on collagen synthesis fills the wrinkles in-depth, producing a noticeable plumping-up effect on the skin.
Collagen is like scaffolding that gives skin its structure and keeps wrinkles from forming. One of the main components of the skin, collagen production decreases by approximately 1 percent with each year of age after maturity (about age 21), leading to a loss in firmness and elasticity of skin.
Hematite is an iron oxide (Fe2O3), also present in short, black crystals with a sometimes iridescent surface. Arranged in flower petals, the crystal is called the “iron rose”.
- Iron is a trace element, essential for the good health of the organism.
- Iron allows the cells to breathe.
- It is found in hemoglobin in the red blood cells and in the cell respiratory chain.
- Iron intervenes in several enzymatic reactions right inside the cells.
- It helps the smooth running of iron co-factor catalyses, enzymes that help the cells to fight free radicals.
- It participates in the metabolic activity of the cell nucleus, DNA synthesis and in reactions of the energetic metabolism.
Tatchme® has chosen Hematite for its stimulating effect to restore the tone and strength of mature skin.
The stone extract is rich in iron (an oligo-element not largely used in cosmetics until recently) and has been tested on human fibroblasts to evaluate its anti-aging properties.
Scientific studies (LIBiol 2006) show that Hematite is capable of acting right inside the cells, to stimulate enzymatic activity of prolylhydroxylase, thus increasing fibroblast production of pro-collagen.
For women (and men) over 40, the quest to keep off the pounds can have some unwelcome side effects: sunken cheeks, deep lines around the mouth, and sagging skin that looks older and lacks vitality.
This is because as we age, we tend to lose fat in our faces. For those of us with a few extra pounds, the difference is less noticeable, but for the slender the result can add years to your appearance.
In 2009, researchers at Case Western Reserve University in Ohio looked at twins. Prior to the age of 40, skinny twins always looked younger than heavier twins... however after the age of 40, all of this seems to reverse.
The researchers also found that:
• For every 10 years a twin smoked, she appeared two years older.
• The twin who avoided alcohol looked significantly younger.
• The more time a twin spent in the sun, in outdoor activity and without sunscreen, the older she looked.
Along with sun exposure, alcohol and smoking, weight weight was one of the major factors that determined how old the subjects appeared to others.
And thinking back this actually makes sense. A lot of heavier people are said to have that “baby face.” It almost seems as if the weight fills in any potential for wrinkles. Of course, any weight gain should be moderate (say, five to ten pounds).
Those who want both a slim figure and a girlish face should consider dermal fillers. When done well by an experienced dermatologist, the results look completely natural.
Men may be from Mars and women may be from Venus, and since the American psychotherapist John Gray wrote his famous book, in 1992, on the idea, it has been a commonplace to think of men and women as being from different planets in terms of their emotional responses.
Scientists have come to accept that a few fundamental differences between men and women are biological. Findings suggest that human evolution has created two different types of brains designed for equally intelligent behavior. Scientists find it very interesting that while men and women use two very different activity centers and neurological pathways, men and women perform equally well on broad measures of cognitive ability, such as intelligence tests.
It turns out that men's and women's brains, for example, are not only different, but the way we use them differs too. Women have larger connections and more frequent interaction between their brain's left and right hemispheres. This accounts for women's ability to have better verbal skills and intuition. Men, on the other hand, have greater brain hemisphere separation, which explains their skills for abstract reasoning and visual-spatial intelligence.
Here 10 big differences:
1. Human relationships
. Women tend to communicate more effectively than men, and to utilize non-verbal cues such as tone, emotion, and empathy whereas men tend to be more task-oriented, less talkative, and more isolated. Men have a more difficult time understanding emotions that are not explicitly verbalized.
2. Reaction to stress.
Men tend to have a "fight or flight" response to stress situations while women seem to approach these situations with a "tend and befriend" strategy. The reason for these different reactions to stress is rooted in hormones. Resulting in calming and nurturing feelings, the hormone oxytocin is released during stress in everyone. However, men produce high levels of estrogen which tends to reduce the effects of oxytocin.
Two sections of the brain responsible for language were found to be larger in women than in men, indicating one reason that women typically excel in language-based subjects and in language-associated thinking.
Women typically have a larger deep limbic system than men, which allows them to be more in touch with their feelings and better able to express them, which promotes bonding with others. Because of this ability to connect, more women serve as caregivers for children.
Men and women perceive pain differently. In studies, women require more morphine than men to reach the same level of pain reduction. Women are also more likely to vocalize their pain and to seek treatment for their pain than are men.
6. Left brain vs. both hemispheres.
Men tend to process better in the left hemisphere of the brain while women tend to process equally well between the two hemispheres. This difference explains why men are generally stronger with left-brain activities and approach problem-solving from a task-oriented perspective while women typically solve problems more creatively and are more aware of feelings while communicating.
7. Mathematical abilities.
An area of the brain called the inferior-parietal lobule (IPL) is typically significantly larger in men. This section of the brain is thought to control mental mathematical ability. Interestingly, this is the same area of Einstein’s brain that was discovered to be abnormally large.
8. Brain size.
Typically, men’s brains are 11-12% bigger than women’s brains. This size difference has absolutely nothing to do with intelligence, but is explained by the difference in physical size between men and women. Men need more neurons to control their greater muscle mass and larger body size, thus generally have a larger brain.
9. Susceptibility to disorders.
Men are more apt to have dyslexia or other language problems. Women, on the other hand, are more susceptible to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety.
10. Spatial ability.
Men typically have stronger spatial abilities, or being able to mentally represent a shape and its dynamics, whereas women typically struggle in this area. Men tend to retain a firm sense of direction.
All the above gets even more confusing, if we take into account that 15 to 20% of men happen to have a female type of brains, and about 10% of women have a male type of brains, which means that some percentage of men and women, no matter how small it seems, are partially programmed to the behavior and way of thinking of the opposite gender.
After all, males and females differ only by one Y chromosome, but this makes a real impact upon the way we think and react to so many things.
Ask a man for directions and he'll say 'go straight, and then turn left in 25 meters'. A woman will say, 'Turn right at the shoe store and left at the bakery'.
One of the things that influence how the body functions is our interpretation of our experience of TIME.
We tend to think that there is such a thing called TIME. But ask a physicist: is TIME a thing or a notion? Is TIME something concrete or just a concept to explain how we experience change in our environment?
Sir Thomas Gold, an eminent physicist, said: "No experiment has ever been done that proves the existence of TIME."
In other words, TIME is an internal dialogue.
photo by rberteig
How this apply to us? Few examples will make it clear.
The other day, I took a flight from New York to Paris and I met an old friend of mine. I was having such a good TIME, that TIME flew. The flight took over 7 hours, but for us it seemed that we were there in few minutes. We forgot to eat, to sleep; when we got there we didn't even have jet leg!
What happened? Well, as a result of that notion that TIME was flying, our biology was also affected.
Or, you come across people who say "I am running out of TIME". They have ten deadlines to meet; they are constantly trying to beat time. They watch the same clock, but for them it is moving faster, as a result of their internal perception of time.
If you measure such a person's biological responses, you find that their heart rate is faster, their insulin level is higher, their blood sugar fluctuates much more, their blood pressure is higher, etc. When they suddenly drop dead at a certain age, then TIME has run out.
Meet another person and his internal dialogue is "I have all the TIME in the world". You find that his blood pressure is slower; his biological responses are much smoother. And he lives a longer TIME.
Another person may have used this expression "The beauty of the mountain was breathtaking, TIME stood still". When TIME stands still, breath come to a standstill. Breath and TIME are both the movements of thoughts. In a moment of unity, a peak experience is the all reason of the existence of heart. This is the reason why to look at art, or why we listen to music, or why we enjoy nature.
When the beauty completely overwhelms us, though comes to a standstill. In these moments, the experience of changing the body comes to a standstill. Breath stops, and biological functions go to a level of silence. In fact, the aging process stops in those moments.
All these experiences of TIME are interpretations.